About Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
WHAT IS PRP?
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is concentrated from your own blood. Your blood is a robust source of healing components, such as white blood cells, and bioactive proteins, such as growth factors and Stem cell markers. These cells are vital for tissue regeneration and repair. Platelets were once thought of being responsible for only clotting but have been scientifically proven to be a reservoir of these vital healing component. With advanced technics we are able to concentrate these regenerative healing cells in a simple outpatient setting and accelerate the healing process.
WHAT ARE THE POSSIBLE RISKS INVOLVED?
PRP is from your own blood, autologous, so there is little to no risk when conducted by a trained professional. Since the cells are autologous there is no chance of having an allergy or immune reaction. Side effects or complications of PRP application are extremely rare. Consult your Physician for more information.
HOW LONG DOES THE PROCESS TAKE?
The total process takes about 1 hour long. During this time you will be mainly waiting so that the trained medical technicians can concentrate the vital components in your blood.
HOW DO YOU OBTAIN PRP?
A small amount of peripheral blood is taken from the patient and placed into a FDA medically approved sterile container.
This sterile disposable container is placed in a specialized centrifuge designed to separate the blood
and plasma into ‘layers’ of the primary components and platelet rich plasma (PRP).
Processing is complete and the PRP is injected or applied under sterile conditions, to prevent infection, into the localized area of abnormality.
THE HEALING PROCESS:
PRP signals for Stem cells and regenerative cells to repair and rebuild the damaged tissue. This accelerated healing process reduces pain, promotes increased strength, and improves overall function. This is called the healing cascade which can be active and take place over a 4-6 week period.
LONG TERM OUTCOME:
Patients can expect to see significant improvement in symptoms over the course of healing time. This procedure may eliminate the need for more invasive treatments, such as surgery or prolonged use of medications. While other treatments such as corticosteroid injections may provide temporary relief and stop inflammation, PRP injections stimulate healing of the injury over a short period of time with less side effects. Patients report improvement in symptoms and return of function, but it takes time; four to six weeks. Many patients require two to three treatments before the injured tissues are completely healed and may experience a dramatic return of function and relief.
WHAT CAN I EXPECT IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING THE PROCEDURE?
The anesthetic used to numb the skin generally wears off in 1-2 hours. Mild pain and swelling may occur at the injection site at this time. Majority of the patients are able to return to usual activities with no down time.
WHAT CAN I DO? WHAT SHOULD I NOT DO?
You must be particularly careful not to traumatize the area during this post-treatment time frame. Initially the procedure may cause some localized soreness and discomfort. Patients can apply ice and elevation as needed. Use the area as tolerated as restricting movement for an extended time can cause stiffening. Movement & massages promote circulation in the area and also assist with healing. After a week the patient will likely begin a rehabilitation program with physical therapy. Pain medication will be prescribed if needed.